Identify the Needs and Stages of Motivation to Motivate People
-by Rajeev K Mishra
The process of inducing and inspiring anyone to perform his or her functions more productively and efficiently is known as motivation. In a catalyst that enhances the performance of an individual. If a person is motivated he will try to put his best effort and complete the task assigned to him. Whereas, a de-motivated person may not be able to perform upto his potential and the jobs that he could have easily completed in a short span of time will take much longer to finish.
In any context money acts as the prime motivating factor. This may be true for a person who does not have sufficient money to meet his basic needs, such as food, clothing and shelter, but once he has all his existential need fulfilled, he may be motivated by some other factors.
When we ask someone to do a certain job, we must identify his motivational factor. Different persons have different motivational needs. Some are motivated by money, others by emotions and still others by security and at the sane tune, there are those who are motivated by recognition and self-esteem. We may be successful in inspiring someone if we can analyses the personal motivational needs of the person.
A person may not have the same motivational needs throughout his life; they change with the growth of the person. The same person at different stages of life has different needs. For a case study try and recall what was the motivating factors for you, three years, six years and nice years back, you will find that it does not remain the same at different stages of life. Some motivating factors are on high priority throughout the lives of successful people and they act as the driving force.
A Case study: Motivation Stages:
- It is very easy to motivate a one year old baby Amit with a lovely toy.
- The five year old child Amit can be motivated with a chocolate.
- Twelve year old boy Amit has changes; he has different need and can be motivated to perform well with a promise of a new cricket bat.
- Fifteen year old Amit is more fascinated by a new cycle. He is ready to do anything if he is promised a new cycle.
- Twenty two year Amit is keen to get a nice job and a lovely girlfriend to enjoy life. He is ready to do anything for job.
- Thirty years old Amit is well employed, earns well and drive a car. His need is to marry a beautiful girl and gaining stability in his priority.
- At fifty Amit has achieved all he wanted and has earned enough. Now he is keen to get respect and recognition in his career. That is what inspires his most.
- Amit the father, at his last stage in his life has his son’s career highest on his priority list.
Amit case study is shown to help you analyze the motivating factors at different stages of life. Based on it we know that there are different motivating factors for different stages in our life. At the same time, different people are motivated by different motivating factors. You cannot motivate Amit by lovely toy or chocolate at the age of fifteen or twenty because at this stage his needs are different. So if you have to motivate Amit identify the correct stage and his basic need of that stage.
Lets take another example from above case study; Twelve year old boy Amit has already bat with himself then you cannot motivate him by giving another bat. You identify the bat for this stage, right but wrong identification of need. If you give him ball then he will easily motivate to do anything.
The great behavioral scientist Maslow has evolved the five stage motivational needs of a person. The lowest needs of a person are the physiological needs. He likes to meet his basic needs such as food, clothing etc.
Most people are motivated by external factors and like to achieve greater and greater success with time. But the real achiever is one who inspires himself to achieve the targets that he has set.